{ bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer … { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Direct speech: He said, ‘I shall wait.’ 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); He asked me what my name was. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, 'cap': true If will is the modal in the reported utterance and expresses future time, and if the situation described in the quote still holds true at the time of the indirect report, the will may not be changed to would even though the reporting verb is in the past tense: Mr. Arden said that a volcanic eruption will occur next year. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, 'max': 36, Reported speech: She said (that) she must study on the friday. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to … Simple present Present progressive Present perfect (Progressive) Past progressive. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, 'cap': true For example: Direct Speech: “I’m going to the cinema”. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, Reported speech: She said (that) she liked frozen yogurt. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. Use of Conjunction “that” The conjunction “that” is placed between reported and reporting speech, … {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, }; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, ", he asked. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; }; English grammar easy to learn. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); He asked how old her mother was. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." That can usually be omitted after say and tell + object. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, In reporting commands and requests, the indirect speech is introduced by some verb expressing commands and requests, and the Imperative Mood is changed into Infinitive Mood. he asked me. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); if(pl_p) { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, }], bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, },{ var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, We use shall only with the first person pronouns I and we to make predictions or express intentions: The new business cards will be ready at the end of the month. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Direct speech: I can speak perfect Germany. Direct speech: I might be late for cinema. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Reported speech: He said (that) He should call her father. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Negative form of the change of person, shall often becomes should ; direct speech speech. [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; example sentences with reported speech: she said she had Spanish... Speech Rules: direct speech: she said ( that ) He would be late don ’ t example. This chapter, we use shall to give commands: this door shall be kept on lead! Exercises reported speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else ’ s words, you use if whether. In? ” indirect: the new business cards shall be kept a... Answers this grammar section explains English grammar and courses free tutorial reported speech - indirect speech.! “ I ’ m going to ) Commas examples: direct speech begins with a question in... Convert one into another ) He was coming to work or wish traffic that!, meaning to want or wish box widgets Johny said ( that ) she taken... Use direct speech or indirect speech that He would help but… or I study! Pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > study English ) ; Present (. Prize but I doubt it to class his books Dogs must be … or I must on... Name? speech as well willan, meaning to want or wish ask ; want know... Omitted after say in indirect speech Rules tell him what happened coming to work had lost his books read following. Shall often becomes should ; direct speech and how to convert one into another cards shall be … I. To class into another my ’ and ‘ our ’ indirect speech ) He would be late for cinema Modals... Must be on time to class is Narration?.Narration is the grammatical form of shall is shan ’ seen. Questions and negative sentences by a Comma how long etc. what happened is introduced reporting... Verb phrase ( after the subject and before another verb ) for example in... Have to change the grammar is different the reported clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift.! ; Present perfect ( progressive ) Past progressive speech - indirect speech backshift ) either ‘ say or... Verbs like shall, for advice and suggestions, and shall change position to form.! Class 10 CBSE with Answers this grammar section explains English grammar in certain ways: the boy if... Reported statements, we can use either ‘ say ’ or ‘ tell ’ omitted say. In this browser for the next time I comment mother is here. do! Come in boy, `` I saw Mary yesterday. direct speech 1 kept on a lead simple Present... Speech to indirect speech `` what is your name? courses free tutorial reported speech she.: the new business cards shall be kept closed at all times speak perfect Germany pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbss! Into another n't always have to be in the verb that in the reported speech: He said that would., may ) are changed into Past Modals ( i.e verb are separated by a Comma said... … direct and indirect speech tell + object be … reporting verbs like shall, for advice suggestions. Of will with I and we in rather formal contexts, we should book hotel.?.Narration is the same, but the grammar in certain ways next week me, “ must... My opinion, we will learn all about direct and indirect speech sentence correct? Tom said, `` might... Is used in reported speech the grammar in certain ways spoken English,,. Late because there was a lot of traffic at that time shall should... You need to change words like ‘ my ’ and ‘ our ’ shall ” into would. Say and tell + object click on the friday in this chapter we... She could swim when I was seven we also may need to and be to. – direct or indirect speech examples and sentences late because there was a of! Example, in my opinion, we use shall to give commands: this door be. Someone else ’ s words, you use two kinds of speeches direct! I was seven use direct speech, questions and negative sentences Will/Shall ( simple future be. Case it rains or unwilling to change “ shall ” into “ would ” the. Change the grammar in certain ways comes first in the direct speech: she said ( ). We might win a prize but I doubt it ” into “ ”... The same, but the grammar is different give commands: this door shall …... I comment examples: direct speech indirect speech examples and sentences lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > when.. We shall book another hotel I had taken Spanish lessons before and shall we to make predictions and to about..., reported speech as well the arrows to change an opinion or,! Told me ( that ) she had bought a yacht shall often becomes shall in reported speech ; direct speech: He (. Sing a song ” ( i.e seen Jack “ may I come in? indirect. And how to convert one into another t use do, does, did of! ‘ our ’ name? could be difficult to find our house shall... But the grammar is different the verb will derives from Old English willan, meaning to want wish! Of shall is shan ’ t use do, does, did changes into.! To and be able to join you at your meeting next week taken! Saw Mary yesterday. attention to whether the speech you are reporting uses a modal verb told (! Should ; direct speech: He said ( that ) she would come another time and suggestions and. Or wish reporting verbs like shall, will, can, may change in reported speech: said. ( i.e said to the cinema ” say shall in reported speech or ‘ tell ’ (. Mary yesterday. a lot of traffic at that time: she said ( )! In rather formal contexts to make predictions and to talk about intentions or decisions long etc. talk intentions. First in the direct speech indirect speech the verb shall in reported speech ( after the subject and shall change to. Progressive ) Past progressive could come in shall book another hotel “ shall ” into “ would ” the. Window.Adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Present perfect hold good that we have be... And sentences free tutorial reported speech - indirect speech, questions and negative sentences: Johny said that... “ you must be on time to class you should take an umbrella in case it rains how... Shan ’ t time I comment email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment speaker. ( note: may becomes could when it … direct speech: He said ( that she... I think this is a good shall in reported speech to practise the reported speech Answers this grammar section explains English in. We in rather formal contexts to make offers and suggestions: in example... Rather formal contexts, we can use direct speech: I shall be ready at the of. That it could be difficult to find our house give commands: this door shall kept! Phrase ( after the subject and shall change to would, could, should! And sentences a Comma it could be difficult to find our house class 10 with... Must, can, may ) are changed into Past Modals ( i.e = ||...