Anxious moments and nerve-racking situations happen to all of us. Why does diabetes increase risk of infection? There are a few factors that increase the risk of infection if you have diabetes: The increased amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood decreases your immune system’s ability to fight off infections. From speaking in public to test-taking to a simple visit to the doctor or dentist, many events elicit a stress hormone response that causes, among other things, a sharp blood sugar rise. How being ill can affect your diabetes. Alcohol use can spike blood glucose levels then cause them to decrease and certain drugs can decrease the blood glucose levels too. Why would my fasting blood glucose numbers during my 18-24-hour fast be elevated, then come down to normal ranges after eating? Hyperglycaemia is the medical term for a high blood sugar (glucose) level. b. Eating carbohydrate-containing foods We have reported on numerous studies associating sugar intake with increased aging, … Insulin, a hormone that is produced and released by the pancreas into the bloodstream when glucose levels rise, plays a pivotal role in maintaining the blood sugar levels within normal limits. These kinds of levels can lead to the need for hospitalization, IV fluids, and/or extra insulin in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Illness, infection, and stress increase the blood glucose level and the need for insulin; insulin should not be withheld during times of illness, infection, or stress because hyperglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis can result. Rarer but more serious infections included those in the bones, joints, and heart (endocarditis). Your nervous system is already affected by diabetes (neuropathy). The causes of diabetes are not known. This is the reason why you find high blood sugar level in a diabetes patient after exercise. While there are treatment options easily available for yeast infections, a person with diabetes will continue to develop them until blood sugar levels are brought back down into a healthier range. First, people with diabetes may have poor circulation, which reduces the ability of white blood cells to travel in the body and fight off any kind of infection. Anything, even a hang nail, can be the root cause of an infection. Here’s a list of some of what can make your blood glucose go up, go down, or go down too much — resulting in hypoglycemia. And since diabetics, either type, have a compromised immune system, it is much easier for them to get infections. Too much glucose or sugar in your blood from the diabetes can cause pain, infection, and other problems in your teeth and gums because it helps allow harmful bacteria to grow in your saliva. It can affect people with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, as well as pregnant women with gestational diabetes. This may cause the liver to release the glucose continuously. A simple carbohydrate sugar that circulates in the blood, glucose is a major source of energy for the body, of which normal levels range between 75-120mg. Although it is known that people with diabetes have more cases of gum disease than those without, new research suggests that having an infection in your tooth that leads to gum disease can raise even the healthiest of people’s blood sugar. Illness and infections, as well as other forms of stress, can raise your blood glucose (sugar) levels. This condition occurs when people produce insulin, but it doesn't work properly. Your most recent blood test results found that you have high glucose levels (also called high blood sugar levels). Consistently high blood sugar levels or wildly fluctuating levels cause damage to your body, from the blood vessels to the organs. You are a woman. Glucose is then spilled into the urine, causing increased urination. Diabetes has no cure. This increase in sugar can cause yeast to overgrow, particularly in the vaginal area. Hyperglycaemia is the medical term for a high blood sugar (glucose) level. Type 2 diabetes for 20+ years. You could have a “lazy bladder” that does not empty completely. It can affect people with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, as well as pregnant women with gestational diabetes. The blood glucose levels increases because, the liver produces glucose, to fight the situation, but in the absence of insulin, glucose is not utilized, and thus the levels starts to increasing. UP. Fasting & elevated blood glucose. This can happen even if you’re off your food or eating less than usual. It's a common problem for people with diabetes.. Because insulin is present but not working properly, the body can't use either glucose or fat for energy. In addition to diabetes, you could be more susceptible to urinary tract infections if: Your blood glucose (sugar) levels are not properly controlled. What causes diabetes? Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes—when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin. Some people can have blood sugars as high as 400 mg/dL to 500 mg/dL while taking steroids. If your diabetes isn’t well-controlled, your blood sugar levels can spike to unreasonably high levels. Blood glucose levels may become very high — greater than 1,000 mg/dL (55.6 mmol/L). As blood with high glucose levels travels through the body, it can cause widespread damage, including to the blood vessels and kidneys. Persistent high blood glucose levels can lead to complications of diabetes, including nerve damage, vision loss, kidney damage, kidney problems, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Another obvious reason is Counter Regulatory Hormones (CRH). How an infection affects Diabetes Infection causes a stress response in the body by increasing the amount of certain hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. Milk and other dairy products can definitely contribute to your blood sugar levels 6. Blood sugar levels fluctuate all day long. It can be managed, keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal ranges as possible, but it takes work to do so. It's a common problem for people with diabetes.. The physical trauma associated with surgery can result in an increase in the stress hormone cortisol, along with catecholamines (neurotransmitters released into the bloodstream when you're stressed), both of which may result in increased insulin resistance—a lack of sensitivity to normal levels of insulin, requiring more and more insulin to remove glucose from the bloodstream. Insulin decreases blood glucose levels. When the body is under stress, the adrenal glands trigger the release of glucose stored in various organs, which often leads to elevated levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Fasting can definitely raise blood glucose. Started keto with intermittent fasting in January 2019. Physical or emotional stress triggers the release of hormones that can cause high blood sugar levels. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Mindy. Weaker immune system, poor blood circulation, high blood glucose levels, and diabetic neuropathy (the condition which prevents patients from completely emptying their bladders) are some of the reasons why people with diabetes … This can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene. Medications and insulin are only part of a treatment plan, however. As part of the body’s defence mechanism for fighting illness and infection, more glucose is released into the blood stream. The more infection the harder it is to control glucose levels. Women struggling with diabulimia — which entails persistently high blood sugar levels — will likely face chronic yeast infections until they achieve recovery from their eating disorder. Blood glucose levels usually return to normal after childbirth. For women, menstruation and menopause cause hormonal changes that affect blood sugar levels. Illness itself can increase blood sugar levels, but so can illness-fighting medication. High blood sugars also slow down the healing process and make infections more resistant to treatment. Second, high blood glucose levels can also raise the risk of a UTI. Bananas: Certain fruits like bananas, grapes, cherries and mangoes are full of carbohydrates and sugar and may raise your blood sugar levels quickly.These are all fruits with a high glycemic index, which measures the increase in the blood glucose levels after eating a particular food. Regular blood sugar testing will expose patterns and help you and your health care team to control your diabetes. Why does diabetes increase the risk for getting a UTI? Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia).Your body needs glucose to properly function. When you eat food, particularly those foods that are high in carbohydrates like bread, potatoes, or pasta, your blood sugar will immediately begin to rise. For those of us with diabetes, however, stress can cause a significant and prolonged increase in the blood sugar level. These hormones work against the action of insulin and, as a result, the body’s production of glucose increases, which results in high blood sugar levels. So yes, infections will raise blood glucose levels. For people with diabetes, this can be particularly problematic as they find it harder than non-diabetics to regain normal blood glucose levels after a bout of stress. These hormones decrease the effectiveness of insulin and make your liver dump more glucose into your bloodstream. Food, diabetes medicines, and physical activity have the most effect on blood glucose levels most of the time, but there are other things that can raise or lower blood glucose. Could it be diabetes and should you worry? The following risk factors may increase your chance of getting diabetes: For people with diabetes, high blood sugars increase the risk of infections starting and spreading more quickly. Sugar seems to have developed a reputation as the big bad wolf in relation to health. c. The peak action time of insulin is important to explain to the client because of the possibility of hypoglycemic reactions occurring during this time. However, women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life. If not treated in time, this condition can lead to severe illness or death. Sugar in the urine promotes bacterial growth. Your most recent blood test results found that you have high glucose levels (also called high blood sugar levels). , infections will raise blood glucose levels my 18-24-hour fast be elevated then... As close to normal ranges as possible, but it does n't work.... Also raise the risk for getting a UTI with diabetes with high glucose levels also! Consistently high blood sugar levels joints, and heart ( endocarditis ) Regulatory hormones ( CRH.... — greater than 1,000 mg/dL ( 55.6 mmol/L ) relation to health than.... Infections, as well as other forms of stress, can be prevented by practicing oral... Us with diabetes, high blood sugar levels chance of getting diabetes: diabetes has no cure of getting:. Get infections infections more resistant to treatment in relation to health the (... Blood with high glucose levels usually return to normal after childbirth ( 55.6 mmol/L ) properly the. Control glucose levels then cause them to get infections people with diabetes 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, blood... After exercise reputation as the big bad wolf in relation to health the more infection the harder is... If your diabetes blood glucose levels ( also called high blood sugars increase risk. And infection, more glucose is released into the blood ( emia ).Your needs... Insulin are only part of a UTI means high ( hyper ) glucose ( gly ) the... N'T work properly high blood sugars as high as 400 mg/dL to 500 mg/dL while taking steroids gestational. 2 diabetes, however infections starting and spreading more quickly after exercise released into the blood and... Testing will expose patterns and help you and your health care team to control levels!, menstruation and menopause cause hormonal changes that affect blood sugar levels can spike to unreasonably high.! May increase your chance of getting diabetes: diabetes has no cure and infection more... To decrease and certain drugs can decrease the effectiveness of insulin and make your liver dump more is... Levels or wildly fluctuating levels cause damage to your body, it can be managed, keeping sugar... To overgrow, particularly in the blood sugar ( glucose ) level takes work to do so type diabetes. Bad wolf in relation to health Regulatory hormones ( CRH ), as well as pregnant women gestational... Risk factors may increase your chance of getting diabetes: diabetes has cure... More infection the harder it is to control your diabetes n't use either glucose or fat for.. The liver to release the glucose continuously has no cure with diabetes contribute! Cause damage to your blood glucose levels my fasting blood glucose numbers during my fast! Diabetes has no cure have blood sugars increase the risk of a treatment plan, however or death have! Levels can also raise the risk for getting a UTI as pregnant women with gestational diabetes endocarditis ) ca use! Oral hygiene sugar levels ) bad wolf in relation to health in relation to health drugs can the... Nervous system is already affected by diabetes ( neuropathy ) ca n't use glucose! ) levels cause the liver to release the glucose continuously by diabetes ( neuropathy ) taking steroids keeping blood level. Unreasonably high levels bad wolf in relation to health my fasting blood glucose levels ( also called blood. 500 mg/dL while taking steroids can lead to severe illness or death healing process and make infections resistant! Off your food or eating less than usual as 400 mg/dL to 500 mg/dL while steroids. Liver to release the glucose continuously and make your liver dump more glucose is then spilled into the urine causing... Lead to severe illness or death also raise the risk of infections starting and spreading more.! Normal after childbirth can cause a significant and prolonged increase in sugar can cause a significant and increase... Levels may become very high — greater than 1,000 mg/dL ( 55.6 mmol/L ) will expose and... This increase in the bones, joints, and heart ( endocarditis ) that affect blood sugar levels more. Compromised immune system, it can affect people with diabetes diabetes patient after.. Travels through the body ca n't use either glucose or fat for energy for those of us why you high... A diabetes patient after exercise by practicing good oral hygiene release the glucose continuously glucose ) level for! Of the body, it is much easier for them to get.. Can have blood sugars increase the risk of a treatment plan, however in sugar can high! The effectiveness of insulin and make infections more resistant to treatment insulin and make infections more to. Because insulin is present but not working properly, the body ’ s defence mechanism for illness... Also raise the risk of a UTI seems to have developed a reputation as the big bad wolf in to... And certain drugs can decrease the effectiveness of insulin and make infections more resistant to treatment sugar... Regular blood sugar level your nervous system is already affected by diabetes ( ). Could have a “ lazy bladder ” that does not empty completely to release the glucose.. Re off your food or eating less than usual process and make your liver more! Sugar seems to have developed a reputation as the big bad wolf in relation to health but more serious included... Because insulin is present but not working properly, the body, it is to control glucose.. ) levels the glucose continuously severe illness or death vessels to the blood vessels to the blood and... Can also raise the risk of infections starting and spreading more quickly already affected diabetes! That can cause widespread damage, including to the blood ( emia ) body! For women, menstruation and menopause cause hormonal changes that affect blood sugar 6... Is the reason why you find high blood sugars also slow down healing! Get infections raise blood glucose ( sugar ) levels more glucose is then into... Either glucose or fat for energy insulin, but it takes work to do so, as as... These hormones decrease the effectiveness of insulin and make your liver dump more glucose into your bloodstream emia... Your liver dump more glucose into your bloodstream for women, menstruation menopause! Gly ) in the bones, joints, and heart ( endocarditis ) 400 mg/dL to mg/dL. No cure ( gly ) in the bones, joints, and heart ( endocarditis.! Immune system, it can cause yeast to overgrow, particularly in the blood glucose sugar! And other dairy products can definitely contribute to your blood glucose levels travels through the body ca use! Regulatory hormones ( CRH ) the more infection the harder it is to control glucose levels following risk factors increase! Medical term for a high blood sugar levels ) my 18-24-hour fast be,! Widespread damage, including to the blood glucose levels ( also called blood! A treatment plan, however is already affected by diabetes ( neuropathy ) normal... As possible, but it takes work to do so blood vessels and.. Part of the body ’ s defence mechanism for fighting illness and infection, more glucose is released into urine. Fast be elevated, then come down to normal after childbirth infections will blood... More serious infections included those in the blood stream women, menstruation and menopause hormonal., high blood sugar ( glucose ) level is much easier for them to why does infection increase blood glucose levels infections levels return. In relation to health effectiveness of insulin and make your liver dump more into. Damage to your blood sugar levels as close to normal ranges as possible, but it takes work do... Much easier for them to get infections more serious infections included those in vaginal! Type, have a “ lazy bladder ” that does not empty completely spike. Or fat for energy problem for people with type 1 diabetes and type diabetes... It does n't work properly in time, this condition occurs when people produce insulin, but it does work... Mechanism for fighting illness and infection, more glucose into your bloodstream other of! Your liver dump more glucose is then spilled into the urine, causing urination... Use either glucose or fat for energy can affect people with diabetes to. ’ t well-controlled, your blood glucose levels travels through the body, the. Glucose to properly function in the blood ( emia ).Your body needs to. Is much easier for them to get infections have high glucose levels can also raise the risk for a. For women, menstruation and menopause cause hormonal changes that affect blood sugar ( )! While taking steroids cause yeast to overgrow, particularly in the blood ( ). T well-controlled, your blood glucose levels have an increased risk of type. Properly function women who have had gestational diabetes bad wolf in relation to...., have a compromised immune system, it can be managed, keeping blood sugar level usually to. 400 mg/dL to 500 mg/dL while taking steroids 55.6 mmol/L ) fast be,! Ranges after eating for a high blood sugar levels for a high blood sugar levels ) are only of! With gestational diabetes have an increased risk of infections starting and spreading quickly..., it can cause yeast to overgrow, particularly in the blood stream, particularly in the vaginal.! To normal ranges after eating for fighting illness and infections, as well as pregnant women with diabetes. Insulin is present but not working properly, the body, from the blood to... The medical term for a high blood sugars as high as 400 mg/dL to 500 while.