Essentially, the main purpose of terracing land for farming is to reduce the velocity of water runoff and thereby soil erosion by breaking the length of the slope that runoff has available. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 8, which is also the largest student community of Class 8. Dec 21,2020 - What is shifting cultivation and what are the disadvantages? so, effective weed control. Shifting cultivation is a traditional, sustainable method of agriculture which has been practised by indigenous tribes for centuries. Answer choices. Two advantages and disadvantages of shifting cultivation Books. Farmers then typically shift their agricultural operations to a new section of freshly cleared land. The farmer must be knowlegeable in both crop and animal husbandry. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. This increases soil infertility and leads to soil erosion. In theory, jhuming is less harmful to ecology than monoculture plantations. of Shifting Cultivation The best advantage of the shifting of the cultivation or the land on the hills side that is to provide the very easy and fast method of the agriculture. Disadvantages of shifting agriculture. Shift farming can cause deforestation of a surrounding if farmers keep moving around in a particular area clearing the vegetation for cultivation. The farmer may have divided attention and this may result in the neglect of either the crops or the animals. Disadvantages of Jhum Cultivation Everything that has been useful to the human population has also been exploited injudiciously. Shifting cultivation allows for farming in areas with dense vegetation, low soil nutrients content, uncontrollable pests. * Also control of pest and disease. In shifting cultivation method of agriculture an area of land is cleared off its vegetation and cultivated for a period of time and then abandoned. Shifting cultivation helps to keep a good amount of diverse nutrients in the soil. (iii) Shifting cultivation is the type of farming in which agricultural activities are shifted from one field to another when the fertility of the soil of the former is diminished Disadvantages: Deforestation; Soil erosion; Small patches for cultivation; Not sufficient for feeding a large population. One crop might take all of the nitrates out of the soil so after a year or two you have no nitrates in that area and the plant will not grow well. | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 134 Class 8 Students. Archived. Incorrect use of cultivation can have the following effects: • There may be a reduction in soil organic matter and therefore a decline in soil structure. Disadvantages of shifting cultivation. • It provide the very easy and very fast method of the preparation of the land for the agriculture. Regular hour workers become accustomed to the routine and feel disoriented when there are any alterations in the balance. Ans. Abnormal routine: The pattern of waking in the morning going to work having lunch by afternoon and leaving the workplace by evening is not the same for the shift workers. Disadvantages of shifting cultivation are: a. After the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned and the cultivator moves on to a new plot. Posted by 2 years ago. Disadvantages: In shifting cultivation, trees in the forests are cut. Wiki User Answered . Terrace cultivation, or terrace farming, is one of the oldest types of land and water resource management for large-scale farming. Besides, what are the advantages and disadvantages of mixed farming? After the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned and the cultivator moves to a new plot. Shifting cultivation or slash-and-burn cultivation is a type of farming activity which involves clearing a plot of land by felling trees, burning the felled trees, mixing the ashes with soil, and then growing crops like maize, yam, potatoes and cassava on the cleared land. The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation, also called slash and burn or swidden agriculture, is the destruction of large areas of land, primarily crop fields and tracts of forest. If it helps u mark it as brainlist answer. If the animals are not properly managed, they can eat up the crops. * Inorganic matter add, provide nutrient to crop. Disadvantages Of Mixed Farming: i. shifting mode of farming restricts the intensity of land use. NCERT NCERT Exemplar NCERT Fingertips Errorless Vol-1 Errorless Vol-2. Its disadvantages include the high initial cost, as manual labour is required. Class 12 Class 11 Class 10 Class 9 Class 8 … Advantages and disadvantages of Shifting cultivation? Advantages: * By burning on land weed debris or plantation part burn. Leaves found on these trees can either be needle like and small or alternatively scale –like and most of them stay green throughout the year. The Questions and Answers of Disadvantages of shifting cultivation ? The ashes are then mixed with the soil and crops like maize, yam, potatoes and cassava are grown. DISADVANTAGES OF CULTIVATION Cultivation has the potential to destroy soil structure and make soils more prone to other forms of degradation, such as erosion. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. This is mostly followed by the tribals living in the forested area. ii. Ans. Shifting cultivation is a type of agriculture in which a plot of land is cleared by felling the trees and burning them. Maths. What are its disadvantages? Top Answer . NCERT RD Sharma Cengage KC Sinha. Disadvantages of shifting cultivation. Biology. Advantages of Shifting cultivation are: a. Excessive practice of shifting cultivation leads to land degradation. c. This method helps to eliminate weeds, insects and other germs effecting the soil. Destruction of forest is the biggest disadvantage of this type of cultivation. By shifting cultivation, this would help the used land for farming rejuvenate and get back the nutrients it has lost. Tribals of Andaman-nicobar donot use jhuming or slash-n-burn technique. Same is the case with Jhum Cultivation. maddy2656 maddy2656 Hey mate here is ur answer---- It destroys water sheds shifting farming is uneconomical it easily leads to loss of biodiversity shifting cultivation can easily cause soil erosion. NCERT P Bahadur IIT-JEE Previous Year Narendra Awasthi MS Chauhan. Advantages and Disadvantages of Shifting Cultivation. Shifting cultivation is when the physical and human environment work together. Physics. Forest takes years to build but this method destroy them in a day for their own motives of livelihood for example in Cherrarpunji, Meghalaya this type of cultivation has turn and evergreen forest belt into a dry and brown land. Chemistry. Disadvantages: In shifting cultivation, trees in the forests are cut. Two advantages and disadvantages of shifting cultivation 2 See answers saifrk1234 saifrk1234 Advantages . It allows more amount of sunlight to reach the soil. Asked by Wiki User. It helps to replenish the fertility of the soil. NCERT DC Pandey Sunil Batra HC Verma Pradeep Errorless. See Answer. When cycle of shifting cultivation becomes shorter, the biomass of the soil increases. Though this takes a long time, it still helps to recycle land and save resources. Disadvantages of Shift Work: 1. In Jhuming, trees are burnt to provide potash nutrient to the soil. What are its disadvantages? Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Download PDF's. Close. Shifting Cultivation This type of primitive farming is mostly practised in the backward forested hilly regions of northeastern states, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh. The disadvantages of shifting cultivation are : * The land left fellow get degraded. Introduced crops for food and as cash have been skillfully integrated into some shifting cultivation systems. b. This is when you would either leave that area alone for a few years or plant a crop that puts nitrates back into the soil. Shifting cultivation, also known as slash and burn agriculture, is an agricultural system that involves clearing a section of land and using it for farming activities for a relatively short time before abandoning it. 3. Coniferous forests are mainly comprised of coniferous or cone bearing trees like pines, spruces, firs and hemlocks. Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which a person uses a piece of land, only to abandon or alter the initial use a short time later. 65 66 67. 2014-08-12 12:46:07. Shifting cultivation is a traditional farming method where a plot of land is cleared, burned and cultivated for few years after which the farmer moves to the next plot of land and the same procedure is followed. This is especially useful when the mass majority of the population are farmers. Shifting cultivation allows for farming in areas with dense vegetation, low soil nutrients content, uncontrollable pests. 0. Disadvantages: * Reduce forest area * You have to shift land. In Europe. iii. Cleared land on EduRev Study Group by 134 Class 8 Students | Class. One of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions poor! 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