The Discover Anthropology website is operated by the Royal Anthropological Institute’s Education Outreach Programme. To say “gender is a social construction” is not to deny evolution, to deny science, to deny that humans are animals, or to claim some sort of ethereal special place for the non-material. 6. Anthropology is the scientific study of societies past and present, human actions, and humans. Archaeological Anthropology traces the origin, growth and development of culture in the past. Each of anthropology’s four main subfields—sociocultural, biological, archaeology, linguistic anthropology—acknowledges that Homo has a long evolutionary history that must be studied if one is to know what it means to be a human being. Anthropology on sex, gender, & sexuality affirms the role of human creativity & imagination. The performance of rituals is an integral part of all religions. Anthropology has two dimensions: academic and applied. Applied anthropology is the use of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems. 8 "The Characteristics of Culture" - 15 cards Anthropology Vocab - Ch. of Questions= 9 INSTRUCTIONS: To answer a question, click the button in front of your choice. The website aims to encourage a wider appreciation and understanding of anthropology by functioning as a hub for communication, gathering information, and accessing events, activities and resources for people interested in learning more about the subject. It is … It is believed to have developed from other disciplines, Psychological anthropology views human psychology in the context of social and cultural variation. Click To Tweet. As a field, anthropology brings an explicit, evolutionary approach to the study of human behavior. 5. Practice Quiz for Overview of Anthropology: No. By past is meant the period before history when man had not acquired efficiencies of written language in order to record the story of his life. Be sure to read the feedback. Start studying Anthropology: Chapter 1 Study Guide. There are now four major fields of anthropology: biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and archaeology. Each focuses on a different set of research interests and generally uses different research techniques. 9 "Language and Communication" - 17 cards *ANTHROPOLOGY_World Cultures - 118 cards Anthropology Vocab - Ch. For example, going to church on Sunday is a common religious ritual for Christians around the world. Rituals are stylized and usually repetitive acts that take place at a set time and location. Historians often declare that anthropology as a discipline that originated during the Renaissance. A response will appear in the window below the question to let you know if you are correct. Archaeological Anthropology. They almost always involve the use of symbolic objects, words, and actions. Ecological anthropology focuses upon the complex relations between people and their environment. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In anthropology holism tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities. Human populations have ongoing contact with and impact upon the land, climate, plant, and animal species in their vicinities, and these elements of their environment have reciprocal impacts on humans (Salzman and Attwood 1996:169). Anthropology is a global discipline involving humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. From a holistic perspective, attempts to divide reality into mind and matter isolate and pin down certain aspects of a process that, by very nature, resists isolation and dissection. 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